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General data

About us

RSFG Constanta is under the coordination of the Academy for Agricultural and Forestry Sciences “Gheorghe Ionescu Sisesti” which is the national scientific forum in the field of agriculture. RSFG Constanta is also coordinated by the Research Institute for Fruit Growing Pitesti-Maracineni.

Fiscal Code: R 2981780

Foundation and further documents and laws governing RSFG activities:  3928/17.03.1977, HG 2205/2004, Act 45/2009;  72/2011

 

The main activity: research and development in fruit growing:

Fruit tree breeding, creating selected rootstocks and dendrological material, in nurseries, finding new technologies in orchards like: irrigation techniques and regimes, plant protection technologies;

 

CLIMATE

Climate is continental with warm and droughty summers, frequent dry winds all the year round, temperate winter generally without snow. The mean annual temperature is 11.0°C and the total active temperature is 3988°C, out of which 3170°C during the growing season, minimum temperature is -21.4°C (1987) and maximum temperature, 38.4°C (1988); the annual precipitation amount is 400 mm, out of which during the growing season (April 1 to September 30), 240.7 mm.

 

The lowest winter temperatures below -20°C are not very often: 1 out of 10-15 years and so are the spring frosts susceptible to cause apricot and peach yield damage.

 

The climatic water deficit reaches as much as 400 mm/year, so irrigation application is needed for all crops.

 

SOIL

The zonal soil type is a calcaro-calcic chernozem formed on loess, with loam texture and a proper capacity of water preserving, holding and circulation. The humus content ranges between 2.5 and 4%; pH of the soil is poor alkaline (7.0-8.1).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RSFG Constanta is located in the Valu lui Traian village, 12 km westwards from Constanta town.

Geographical coordinates: 44°10’ northern latitude 28°40’ eastern longitude and 40-80 m altitude.